Belgium has the European record for voluntary repatriation of illegal immigrants. In 2015, it carried out 4,000, including many Afghans and Iraqis, who, after trying in vain to obtain refugee status, preferred to return to their country of origin rather than staying illegally in Belgium.
It’s all down to the government’s sophisticated and efficient system of support and incentives, which favours illegal immigrants who decide to return home. The government initiative, unlike those in place in other EU states, doesn’t just write a check and pay a one-way fare. It also offers support for reintegration in their homeland, with funds for restructuring a house and medical services.